Wildlife
 
Terrestrial
 
The following list identifies the different types of wildlife that occur or are likely to occur throughout the Dunkard Creek Watershed. Their occurrence may depend on season, habitat type, and individual movements or migration patterns. The Pennsylvania Game Commission has compiled this data.
 
GAME ANIMALS
black bear: The habitat types in the watershed are not those which traditionally support a resident population of black bear; however, several sightings of migrants have been documented during the mating season this past summer.
white-tailed deer: The deer population is very strong in the watershed. The average deer density for Greene County is 50 deer per forested square mile. I would rate the watershed area to be slightly above average.
cottontail rabbit: The rabbit population in this area is fair to moderate due to good ground cover.
squirrels: The entire watershed hosts a good population of gray and fox squirrels. The number of red squirrels is much lower.
woodchuck: There are a number of farms in the area which produce good habitat for groundhogs. There is no lack of these critters.
   
GAME BIRDS:  
bobwhite quail: Quail sightings are few and far between but have been documented. I would rate their numbers as extremely low.
geese: There are several flocks of resident geese located near Pine Bank, near State Gameland #179, and next to Jollytown. The watershed is a temporary home to Southern James Bay migrants during late fall and early spring.
grouse: This area supports a good population of grouse and, from all indications, numbers are on the increase.
otter: As a direct result of the Pennsylvania Game Commission's otter reintroduction program several have been documented over the past few years in the Dunkard Creek area.
raccoon: Raccoon numbers are very high. Nuisance complaints have been increasing in every area of the county.
red and gray fox: Despite the fact that there is not a great number of agricultural farm lands, the red fox numbers are good. The gray fox, who uses the deeper woods for cover, are present but in lesser numbers.
skunk: Striped skunk occur in fair numbers throughout the watershed. If the study area had a greater human population, skunk numbers would probably increase.
weasel: Of the three types of weasels in the watershed, the long tailed weasel uses the study area for it's home. This is a very secretive furbearer that is seldom noticed but is here.
 
According to Ralph Bell, who is an active bird watcher in the area, there are 89 nesting bird species in the area and 15 species that possibly nest in the watershed.
 
Table 12, compiled by the PA Game Commission, identifies endangered, threatened, and special concern species which may potentially occur within a designated area. This list includes species, which may exist in the Dunkard Creek Watershed, as well as migrating and accidental species. This information is based on records of these animals inhabiting specific habitat types within Greene County.
 
TABLE 12. Threatened, endangered and special concern species.
Common Name Status
Eagle, Bald PA/Fed Endangered
Falcon, Peregrine PA/Fed Endangered
Osprey PA Endangered
Owl, Short-eared PA Endangered
Tern, Black PA Endangered
Shrew, Least PA Endangered
   
Snake, Rough Green PA Threatened
Bittern, American PA Threatened
Flycatcher, Yellow-bellied PA Threatened
Heron, Yellow-crowned Night PA Threatened
Sandpiper, Upland PA Threatened
   
Harrier, Northern Candidate-At Risk
Owl, Common Barn Candidate-At Risk
Snipe, Common Candidate-At Risk
Sparrow, Henslow's Candidate-At Risk
Bobcat Candidate-At Risk
   
Coot, American Candidate-Rare
Goshawk, Northern Candidate-Rare
Grebe, Pied-billed Candidate-Rare
Grosbeak, Blue Candidate-Rare
Tanager, Summer Candidate-Rare
Teal, Swainson's Candidate-Rare
Bat, Evening Candidate-Rare
Bat, Silver-haired Candidate-Rare
   
Bobwhite, Northern Candidate-Undetermined
Crossbill, Red Candidate-Undetermined
Dickcissel Candidate-Undetermined
Duck, Ruddy Candidate-Undetermined
Egret, Cattle Candidate-Undetermined
Gadwall Candidate-Undetermined
Nighthawk, Common Candidate-Undetermined
Owl, Northern Saw-whet Candidate-Undetermined
Whip-poor-will Candidate-Undetermined
Wigeon, American Candidate-Undetermined
Weasel, Least Candidate-Undetermined
   
Madtom, Brindled Candidate Species
Sucker, Spotted Candidate Species
Warmouth Candidate Species
 
Aquatic
 
Four Dunkard Creek stream surveys were obtained from the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission and the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection for this aquatic information. R. Hesser, B. Weirich, R. Snyder, and D. Hyatt did the first survey in 1972 for the PA Fish and Boat Commission. Three sample points were surveyed on Dunkard Creek. Two points near the confluence of Glades Run and one point near the confluence of Meadow Run.
 
Tom Proch did the second survey in 1978 for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Six sample points were surveyed, 2 of which were on tributaries of Dunkard Creek. The two tributaries were Roberts Run and Sharp Run. The main stem sample points were located at Jollytown, Mount Morris, downstream of Taylortown, and downstream of Bobtown.
 
Glenn Rider did the third survey in 1985 for the PA Department of Environmental Protection. Four sample points were surveyed, all of which were located on Dunkard Creek. The points were located upstream of Mount Morris, downstream of Mount Morris, at the confluence of Meadow Run, and downstream of Bobtown.
 
The fourth survey was prepared in 1992 for the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission by Rick Lorson, Tom Shervinskie, and Chuck Eisel. Fish species were collected in a section from the stateline 3.1 km upstream of the T-339 ford downstream to 1.0 km upstream from the SR 2008 bridge during 1986 and 1992.
 
Table 13 lists the species of fish found as well as the year they were found in.