Watershed Management Program, Greene County Conservation District, Greene County Government, Pennsylvania

Watershed Management Program, Greene County Conservation District
Water is one of Pennsylvania's most precious and basic resources. Pennsylvanians use 14.3 billion gallons of water every day. Almost all of it - 13.7 billion gallons - is returned to the environment. That means that each of us has a special responsibility to use water in ways that do not harm aquatic life and other water users downstream.

Conservation District Office

Ben Franklin Building

Suite 204
22 West High Street
Waynesburg, PA 15370
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Watershed Management and Water Resources

Lisa Snider, Conservation District Manager

Contact Person: Jarad Zinn, Watershed Specialist

Ben Franklin Building, Suite 204
22 West High Street, Waynesburg, PA 15370
Phone: 724-852-5278 / Fax: 724-852-5341
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m.—4:30 p.m., Monday—Friday

Water is one of Pennsylvania's most precious and basic resources. Pennsylvanians use 14.3 billion gallons of water every day. Almost all of it - 13.7 billion gallons - is returned to the environment. That means that each of us has a special responsibility to use water in ways that do not harm aquatic life and other water users downstream. But we also must be concerned about water in other ways. Our activities, as individuals and as communities, can have a big impact on the severity and frequency of floods that cause loss of life and property damage.

Program Services:
  • Restore and Protect Steam Quality
  • Assist with formation and development of Watershed Organizations
  • To identify Best Management Practices to restore and protect streams and ground water
  • Total Maximum Daily Load Development through help of the PA DEP
  • Grant Writing for projects to protect watersheds; i.e. Streambank stabilization, stream crossings
  • Educational outreach to promote watershed conservation, publish reports, newsletters, promoting watershed activities, inform the public about state regulations when it comes to streams, and how one can protect the stream passing through their property
    1. August 2014 — Conservation District partners with landowners to monitor water quality. Click here to read important information about our drinking water.

Permits, Forms, and Documents:

Relative Organizations:

Relative links:

What is a Watershed:

A watershed
is a geographic area from which water drains toward a common watercourse (such as a lake, stream, and ocean) in a natural basin. When thinking of a watershed do not just think of water, include land use, topography, geology etc. All of these components affect watersheds. Within each major watershed lie sub-watersheds of tributaries that drain into these larger watersheds.

Greene County has ten major watersheds that are made up of many smaller watersheds. The watersheds within Greene County are: Crooked Run, Dunkard Creek, Dunkard Fork of Wheeling Creek, Enlow Fork, Fish Creek, Little Whiteley, Muddy Creek, Pumpkin Run, South Fork of Ten Mile, and Whiteley Creek. The watersheds in Greene County drain into two larger watersheds, the Ohio River and Monongahela River, which are part of an even larger watershed the Mississippi River.

Watersheds, Rivers, and Streams:

The major landscape feature for water resource studies is the watershed boundary. A watershed is defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) as the area of land that catches rain and snow and drains or seeps into a marsh, stream, river, lake, or groundwater (USEPA, 2004). Because watersheds are defined by natural hydrology, they represent the most logical basis for managing water resources. The resource becomes the focal point, and managers are able to gain a more complete understanding of overall conditions in an area and the stressors, which affect those conditions. This entails a strategy that crosses municipal boundaries and requires a great deal of coordination, cooperation, and communication within and between municipalities sharing the same watershed.

Watersheds are delineated based on topography and ridgelines. Every river, stream, and tributary has an individual watershed, however, these individual watersheds are grouped together to form larger watersheds. All of Greene County is within the Ohio River watershed, which is Pennsylvania’s second largest river basin, covering 15,614 square miles of the state west of the Allegheny Mountains (PADEP, Pennsylvania’s Major River Basins, 2008). The Monongahela River watershed is a sub-watershed of the Ohio River watershed and, therefore, any watercourse that drains into the Monongahela River is not only part of the Monongahela River watershed, but it also part of the larger Ohio River watershed. The Monongahela River forms the eastern boundary of Greene County and is one of the two major rivers (the second being the Allegheny River) that converge in Pittsburgh to form the Ohio River. Rivers, streams, and tributaries in the western portions of Greene County drain west directly into the Ohio River watershed; whereas, watercourses in the central and eastern portions of the county drain east into the Monongahela River sub-watershed. Enlow Fork of Wheeling Creek, Dunkard Fork of Wheeling Creek, and Pennsylvania Fork, of Fish Creek are the three main tributaries in Greene County that flow into the Ohio River Watershed; while Ten Mile Creek, South Fork Ten Mile Creek, Muddy Creek, Little Whitely Creek, Whitley Creek, and Dunkard Creek, Pumpkin Run, and Crooked Run are the eight main tributaries in Greene County that drain into the Monongahela River watershed.
  1. Crooked Run —>> read more here

  2. Dunkard Creek —>> read more here

  3. Dunkard Fork of Wheeling Creek —>> read more here

  4. Enlow Fork of Wheeling Creek —>> read more here

  5. Fish Creek (Pennsylvania Fork) —>> read more here

  6. Little Whiteley Creek —>> read more here

  7. Muddy Creek —>> read more here

  8. Pumpkin Run —>> read more here

  9. Ten Mile Creek —>> read more here

  10. Whiteley Creek —>> read more here

  11. The Monongahela River watershed —>> read more here
Three of our watersheds (Enlow Fork, Dunkard Fork of Wheeling Creek, and Fish Creek) flow into the Ohio River Basin, and it moves southwest through West Virginia and eventually flows into the Ohio River.

All of our little streams that flow from our hillsides feed our major streams in Greene County, and our major streams feed the rivers. As the Ohio River flows, it meets the Mississippi then onto the Gulf of Mexico. The waters and rivers of Greene County are part of a bigger process called the Hydrologic Cycle. So how Greene County treats our watersheds can have far reaching effects in other watersheds of the nation.

Streams and Wetlands:

Wetlands, as the name implies, are lands that are wet for significant periods of time. They may be wet due to surface water, ground water, or usually a combination of both. They include. the periodically flooded lands occurring between uplands and open water bodies such as lakes, rivers, streams, and estuaries. Many wetlands, however, may be isolated from such water bodies. These wetlands are located in depressional or sloping areas with seasonally high water tables that are surrounded by upland. Wetlands are commonly referred to by a host of terms based on their location and characteristics, such as salt marsh, tidal marsh, mudflat, wet meadow, cedar swamp, and hardwood swamp. These areas are important natural resources with numerous values, including fish and wildlife habitat, flood protection, erosion control, and water quality maintenance.

When do you need a permit?   Click here for a basic diagram of a stream and wetlands... and "When do you need a permit?"

NOTE: The information provided on this basic poster is only intended to provide a landowner with general information that outlines possible permitting requirements. By no means shold this document/flyer be used to make a final determination on permitting requirements. Please contact the Greene County Conservation District for further guidance and assistance.

Frequently Asked Questions:
  1. What is a riparian buffer?
      A riparian buffer is a vegetated area next to water resources that protect water resources from nonpoint source pollution and provide bank stabilization, aquatic, and wildlife habitat. (Source: www.soil.ncsu.edu)

  2. What are best management practices?
      Methods or techniques used to prevent erosion and sedimentation, pollution, and other run-offs from entering the stream and causing harm to the stream. This can be done through Streambank stabilization, riparian buffers, silt fencing, and other techniques.

Greene County Conservation District

Ben Franklin Building (Suite 204), 22 West High Street, Waynesburg, PA 15370 — 724-852-5278 / Fax: 724-852-5341

County of Greene, Pennsylvania

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